How to have a healthy dinner at the end of the year

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  • Source: Dongyang Information Network

    Original title: Festive dinners to maintain health , multiple diseases at the end of the year to teach you emergency measures

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    Photo by Liang Wenxiang

    Photo by Hu Guoqiu

    Every holiday season, the family is reunited, happy and smiling. Which one doesn't have wine and meat, and the feast is rich? However, in the face of delicious delicacies, when the dance chants a cup and frequently raises a glass, he is advised to refrain from eating excessively, and it is especially important to pay attention to food hygiene in order to keep the festival mood comfortable and healthy. For the more frequent illnesses at the end of the year, it is necessary to understand in advance and master emergency measures.

    Nanfang Daily reporter Li Yan

    Correspondent Wang Haifang

    Common condition 1: Acute pancreatitis

    A middle-aged man suffers from hyperlipidemia, fatty liver, and gallbladder stones, because he usually has no particular discomfort and pays no attention. Especially during the festival, it is even more foolish. Once, when the patient came home after a meal, he suddenly felt pain in the upper abdomen. At first he thought of a stomachache and just rested, but who knew that it was getting more and more painful, accompanied by vomiting, pale, and cold sweats. When he was taken to the hospital by his family, he was already unconscious and had trouble breathing. After examination, he was diagnosed with severe pancreatitis.

    According to Professor Chen Rufu, Deputy Dean of Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, patients with biliary diseases such as gallstones and hyperlipidemia, overeating, and alcohol are the main causes of acute pancreatitis. Abdominal pain is the main symptom of acute pancreatitis. It is usually sudden or severe upper left or left upper quadrant pain or knife-like pain. The upper abdomen has a banding sensation, which often occurs after a full meal or drinking, accompanied by increased paroxysm. , Can be enhanced by eating, can affect the umbilicus or the entire abdomen, often radiating to the left shoulder or both sides of the lower back.

    In addition, acute pancreatitis will also cause abdominal distension; nausea and vomiting; jaundice; fever, mostly moderate fever: between 38 ℃-39 ℃, generally gradually decline after 3-5 days. However, severe cases can continue for many days without falling, causing pancreatic infection or abscess formation, and symptoms of poisoning may occur. In severe cases, the temperature may not rise. When combined with cholangitis, there may be chills and high fever; in severe cases, multiple organ failure such as shock, lung, liver, kidney, and breathing may also occur.

    Recommendation: It is important to seek medical treatment early for acute pancreatitis, so as not to delay the optimal treatment time, otherwise acute pancreatitis will develop into acute severe pancreatitis, which will increase the difficulty of treatment. In order to prevent the occurrence of acute pancreatitis, during the holiday season, avoid overeating, drinking, and high-fat and high-protein diet. People with a history of hyperlipidemia should adhere to a low-fat diet, take antihypertensive drugs, and have biliary diseases such as gallstones. Patients with hyperlipidemia should pay attention to a light diet and strictly abstain from alcohol.

    Common Symptom 2: Acute Gastroenteritis

    Every holiday, many outpatients with acute gastroenteritis can be seen in the outpatient department and ward of the Department of Gastroenterology in the hospital, the youngest being 18 years old and the oldest being over 70 years old.

    Professor Huang Kaihong, Chief Physician of the Department of Gastroenterology, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, said that among these patients, a large proportion of them were overeating or eating contaminated food. Mainly manifested as upper abdominal pain, left to middle, or umbilical tenderness, with paroxysmal aggravation or persistent dull pain, accompanied by abdominal fullness, discomfort, or always feeling indigestible, and a few patients also have severe pain. In addition, there are symptoms of nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, thirst, oliguria, etc. Severe gastric bleeding can also cause blood in the stool or vomiting.

    Recommendations: For patients with acute gastroenteritis, first of all, quit smoking, alcohol, strong tea, coffee, etc., eat less spicy and rough food, do not overeating, and take less drugs that are irritating to the stomach and intestines. Secondly, the diet advocates three meals a day, and each meal is 70% full. It is not advisable to eat more meals, so as not to increase the burden on the stomach. Food is light and semi-liquid, such as rice soup, porridge, and fresh fruit juice. It is better to gradually increase some protein foods, but avoid greasy and fried foods, and start eating a small amount, and wait for gastrointestinal function to recover before starting. Eat normally and take a break.

    Again, pay attention to personal hygiene, wash your hands frequently, keep raw and cooked food in the refrigerator separately, and choose restaurants that meet hygienic standards when eating out. Finally, you can also choose some Chinese patent medicines according to different symptoms, such as Huoxiangzhengqi Pill, Baoji Pill, etc. to improve the symptoms.

    Common condition three: Acute apical periodontitis

    On the holiday again, Mr. Cao visited relatives and friends to attend dinners, and the rest time was greatly reduced. Unfortunately, he accidentally bitten the right lower posterior teeth while eating cashew beans, and soon felt that the right cheek face was swollen, and the right lower posterior teeth was severely swollen and painful. He also took anti-inflammatory and analgesic medication and did not have any obvious relief. He came to the hospital. Stomatology visit. After a detailed examination by Dr. Zhuang Peilin, it was found that Mr. Cao had a carious cavity in the first lower molar, which had caused chronic periapical periodontitis.

    Zhuang Peilin explained that periapical disease refers to an inflammatory disease that occurs in the periapical tissue of the tooth, and is mostly caused by infection in the root canal of the tooth through the apical foramen to the periapical tissue. At that time, if the body's resistance was strong and the source stimulus was weak, the lesion showed a chronic manifestation, that is, chronic periapical periodontitis. At this time, the patient's oral cavity was mainly manifested as chewing discomfort or gums from pustules. On the contrary, if the source of the stimulus is very strong and the body's resistance is weak, the lesion will be acute, and the patient will have spontaneous severe pain, occlusal pain, and symptoms such as loosening and elongation of the tooth. May even be accompanied by symptoms such as increased body temperature and physical weakness.

    Therefore, the process of apical periapical disease can be regarded as a battlefield between the enemy and us fighting against the apical stimulus in the root canal and the local defense system of the apical tissue. The upper hand depends on the relationship between the stimulus of the source and the resistance of the body. Contrast and change. For the past few days, Mr. Cao did not pay attention to regular diet, lack of rest, and decreased body resistance, which led to the acute attack of chronic periapical periodontitis.

    Suggestion: Tooth is good for appetite; toothache is not a disease, it hurts really. Looking at the people's experience, Zhuang Peilin reminded the public that don't forget oral health during the Spring Festival. When people check their teeth daily, if they find that the crown is discolored, tarnished, or bite is uncomfortable, chronic periapical periodontitis such as pustules from the gums When suspicious symptoms occur, you should go to the dental department of the hospital as early as possible to avoid delay in treatment.