Coatings: the level of innovation in fine chemicals needs to be improved
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- Source: Dongyang Information Network
Abstract: Fine chemical industry is one of the most dynamic and innovative areas in the chemical industry, representing the development level of a country's chemical industry. During the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" period, industry authorities should attach importance to the innovation and development of catalytic technology, implement innovative projects in catalytic technology, and support the optimization and upgrading of the fine chemical industry.
精细化工是化学工业最具活力的创新领域之一，代表着有有一个国家化学工业的发展水平。 Source: Global Coatings Network Fine Chemicals is one of the most dynamic and innovative areas of the chemical industry, representing the development level of a country's chemical industry. In 2014, the output value of China's fine chemicals was about 3.15 trillion yuan. In that year, the output value of the national chemical industry was about 8.15 trillion yuan, and the refinement rate was about 40%. The refinement rates of the United States, the European Union, and Japan have reached More than 70%. This shows that the development level of China's fine chemical industry needs to be improved urgently, and the space is huge.
During the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" period, the fine chemical industry should base itself on scientific and technological innovation, strengthen the research and development of key common technologies, products, and equipment, and demonstrate their industrial application. At the same time, try to make good use of various financing platforms and adjust and optimize product characteristics to improve products International competitiveness.
First, optimize the industry-university-research development model and establish a long-term mechanism for win-win cooperation between business companies. During the "Eleventh Five-Year Plan" period, the Ministry of Science and Technology and other six ministries and commissions of the State Council actively promoted the establishment of industrial technology innovation strategic alliances, and organized the implementation of certain scientific and technological projects through several batches of pilot alliances. Numerous strategic alliances have also been established throughout the country, combining various innovative elements of universities and research institutes with the strong demand for new technologies by enterprises, enhancing the pertinence of scientific topic selection and accelerating the transformation of scientific and technological achievements into The multi-tasking manager of realistic productivity has achieved certain results. During the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" period, it is necessary to further intensify the optimization of the industry-university-research scientific and technological innovation model.
Second, strengthen the top-level design and implement catalytic technology innovation projects. The core of fine chemical industry is catalytic technology. 100% of the fine chemical products produced every year in the world and 100% of all fine chemical processes are related to catalysis. At the same time, there is an important kind of catalyst if it is the fine chemical industry. In a sense, world-renowned chemical companies will dominate the technological development level of the world's chemical industry through monopoly catalysts, high-end equipment and other core technologies. At present, China has few research tasks specifically related to fine chemical catalysts and applied technologies, which is extremely inconsistent with the booming fine chemical industry. For the sake of the society, during the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" period, the industry authorities should attach importance to the innovation and development of catalytic technology, implement innovative projects in catalytic technology, and support the optimization and upgrading of the fine chemical industry.
Oxidation, hydrogenation, esterification, alkylation and asymmetric synthesis are typical fine chemical reaction processes. When carrying out the task design and content selection of catalytic technology innovation projects, we should aim at high efficiency and environmental protection , select typical reactions for catalytic technology innovation development and industrial application demonstration, and effectively promote innovation results.
Third, "upward and downward extension", extending the industrial chain . "Extending" means expanding upstream to reduce costs and enhance corporate competitiveness. However, Kenneng's fine chemicals are characterized by small batches, multiple varieties, technology intensiveness, and high added value. They do not have a considerable scale of product production and marketing capabilities. It is extremely difficult for general fine chemical companies to develop upstream. Relatively speaking, most fine chemical companies are directly facing the needs of end customers, and their development and extension downstream are the choice of Kenneng. The specific ideas and directions are: deepen and refine the product, and increase the brand of the same type of products after the market segmentation to fully meet customer needs; new products with the same or for example functions, rich product lines; Kenneng is a company that was set to stabilize its raw material suppliers before. It has also "kicked the ball" and turned into a supplier of end products.
Fourth, strengthen intellectual property protection and establish a mechanism for sharing results and benefits. The fine chemical industry is a technology-intensive industry, which is characterized by fast information updates, strong confidentiality, and strong patent monopoly. The development of original pharmaceutical products such as medicines and pesticides has a long time, high cost, and low success rate. In industries such as coatings and cosmetics, which are mainly based on compound product technology, they are often willing to formulate technology as "a layer of window paper". I would like to apply for a patent when the enterprise is still large. Even for science and technology projects supported at the national level, the scientific and technological achievements formed by the enterprise as a supporting unit have broken through key technologies, and the enterprise can refuse to cultivate competitors and let the community not form a mechanism for sharing results. For social transfer, the industry should concentrate its efforts on exploring a set of practical results-sharing and benefit-sharing mechanisms.
Fifth, expand financing channels to help technological innovation and industrial upgrading. Most of the fine chemical companies are small and medium-sized enterprises, and it is extremely difficult to obtain loans from banks . The road to listing and financing is also very difficult. For the sake of the community, all enterprises have long relied on private loans to develop, with high financing costs, high financing risks, and poor continuity in obtaining funds. In recent years, with the further deepening of the reform of the national financial and financial system, various financing platforms have emerged endlessly. Fine chemical enterprises should choose suitable financing channels according to the actual situation table. At the same time, the state should urge the financial system to improve the funding support policies and operating mechanisms for SMEs, actively promote the legalization and standardization of private financing, and build a funding platform of various natures and methods to support the development of SMEs.
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